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An orgasm is a physical and emotional response that occurs during sexual activity. It is often described as a feeling of intense pleasure that can be accompanied by muscle contractions and other physical sensations. Orgasms can be experienced by people of all genders and sexual orientations, and they can occur during various types of sexual activity, including solo play, partnered sex, and other forms of intimacy.
The American Psychological Association definition of orgasm: An orgasm is when a person reaches peak pleasure, the body releases tension and the perennial muscles, anal sphincter and reproductive organs rhythmically contract. To put it lightly, orgasm is the height of sexual excitement, it is a strong feeling of satisfaction that stirs up splash of emotions.
At the spur of orgasm the male ejaculates (the act of cumming) while the female vagina wall contract during orgasm. Note that females do not ejaculate only when they experience orgasm, they may also release sperm in the course of sexual activities (stimulation).
The process of experiencing an orgasm begins with arousal, which is the state of being sexually excited. Arousal can be triggered by a variety of things, including physical touch, fantasies, and the release of certain hormones. As arousal increases, the body begins to prepare for an orgasm by increasing blood flow to the genitals and other erogenous zones.
During an orgasm, the muscles in the genital area, including the pelvic floor muscles, contract and release in rapid succession. This can cause a variety of physical sensations, including an intense feeling of pleasure, a sense of fullness or pressure, and sometimes a feeling of heaviness or fatigue. Orgasms can also be accompanied by other physical responses, such as an increased heart rate, rapid breathing, and a feeling of warmth or flushing.
There are many factors that can affect a person’s ability to experience an orgasm, including their level of arousal, their emotional state, and the type of stimulation they are receiving. Some people may find it easier to reach orgasm through certain types of stimulation, such as oral sex or manual stimulation, while others may prefer other types of touch.
It’s important to remember that everyone’s experience of orgasm is different, and there is no “right” way to have an orgasm. Note also that not all people with vulvas will experience orgasm through penetrative sex alone, and that orgasm is not the sole measure of a satisfying sexual experience. Communication with a partner can be key to helping both partners experience pleasure and orgasm.
In general, the best way to increase the likelihood of experiencing an orgasm is to focus on one’s own pleasure and what feels good for them. This can involve exploring different types of touch and stimulation, finding ways to relax and reduce stress, and communicating with a partner about what feels good. Note also that it’s completely normal to not experience an orgasm every time one has sex, and that there are many different ways to enjoy intimacy and pleasure without achieving orgasm
There are many different ways to experience an orgasm, and the type of orgasm a person has may vary depending on the type of sexual activity they are engaging in and the body part being stimulated.
Clitoral orgasm: A clitoral orgasm is the most common type of orgasm experienced by people with vulvas. The clitoris is a small, sensitive organ located at the top of the vulva, and it is the primary source of pleasure for many people. In other words, it is an orgasm achieved when you ‘climaxed’ as a result of clitoral stimulation, and if well stimulated, some female experience orgasm even before having sex. Clitoral orgasms can be achieved through a variety of forms of touch, including manual stimulation (using the hands or fingers), oral sex, or the use of sex toys.
G-spot orgasm: The G-spot, or the Grafenberg spot, is an area of sensitive tissue located inside the vagina. Some people with vulvas experience intense pleasure and orgasm when this area is stimulated, either through penetration or through the use of a sex toy.
Vaginal orgasm: Some people with vulvas experience orgasm through vaginal penetration alone, while others may need additional clitoral stimulation in order to achieve orgasm. The feelings is so deep than the clitoral orgasm. A vaginal orgasm may depend on a variety of factors, including the sensitivity of the person’s genitals and the type of sexual activity being engaged in.
Anal orgasm: The anus and rectum contain many sensitive nerve endings and can be a source of pleasure for some people. Anal orgasms can be achieved through anal penetration or through the use of a sex toy, and they may be accompanied by a feeling of fullness or pressure.
Multiple orgasms: Some people are able to experience multiple orgasms, which are orgasms that occur one after the other without a period of refractory (a period of time when it is difficult or impossible to become sexually aroused). Multiple orgasms are more common in people with vulvas, but they can also be experienced by people with penises.
Blended Orgasm: You can experience orgasm from the vagina and the clitoris if they are stimulated at the same time. It’s effect is explosive followed by a vibration of the whole body.
Convulsing orgasm: This orgasm is caused by the build up of tension in the nerve cell and whenever the tension is released, you experienced orgasm (Neal). Our thoughts play a big role here. When we are so much absorbed in a sexual thought, there is a tendency you experience a convulsing orgasm
In addition to the physical sensations of an orgasm, many people also experience emotional responses during and after orgasm. These responses may include feelings of happiness, relaxation, and a sense of connection with a partner.
As earlier stated, not everyone experiences orgasm, and that’s completely normal. Some people may have difficulty achieving orgasm due to physical or emotional issues, such as medical conditions, medications, or past trauma. In these cases, it may be helpful to speak with a doctor or a therapist in order to address any underlying issues that may be affecting one’s ability to experience orgasm.
Overall, an orgasm is a natural and enjoyable part of sexual activity, but it’s not the sole measure of a satisfying sexual experience. Exploring one’s own pleasure, communicating with a partner, and finding ways to relax and reduce stress can all contribute to a positive and enjoyable sexual experience, regardless of whether or not an orgasm is achieved.
Researchers defined orgasm in staged models of sexual response.
Master and Johnson Four (4) Phase Models (1966).
1. Excitement: This is activated by the acts of watching erotic images, reactions to foreplay which may be characterise by increase in both heart rate and blood pressure, sex flush (redness of the skin) seen around the neck, face and under the breast for the females. Other sign for the females includes an enlarged clitoris and a swelled vulva, the vagina walls becomes wet which serves as a lubricant, while the male may experience a supplementary blood supply to the penis resulting in the swelling of tissues in the genitalia leading to an erection, all in preparation towards an intercourse.
2. Plateau: This phase is a step ahead of the excitement phase, though it is been considered as a continuation and intensification of the excitement phase, it is characterise by extra swelling of the clitoris as it becomes so sensitive and retracts (withdraw) while the external vagina contracts due to swelling of the tissue and muscle tightening. You can also become extraordinarily wet at this stage.
3. Orgasm: This is the third stage of the human sexual response. This entails series of involuntary actions which causes you to moan and feel sensations running down your entire body! It’s a wow moment. The body releases dopamine during orgasm which makes one feel good and it also releases Oxytocin. Both hormones shoots up the feelings of satisfaction. When the female experience an orgasm, the vaginal wall contracts continuously while they feel more pleasure, on the male part, there are consecutive muscle contractions which occur at the lower pelvic muscle followed by the release of sperm (ejaculation).
4. Resolution: After orgasm, you have this feeling of satisfaction, the blood pressure and the heart rate declines while your body gets relaxed. The penis and the clitoris returns to their normal size, by this time the genitals may feel unduly sensitive to touch. The resolution phase is marked with the refractory period, this is a period where the body can not respond to stimulation or get aroused again, this affect the men mostly but the women can start all over again from the excitement phase if she is well stimulated.
There is also the Kaplan’s 3 stage model stated below:
1. Helps you to get a good sleep.
2. During orgasm, the body releases Oxytocin which have different health benefit like; controlling your anxiety, it reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, and also reduces the risk of ovarian cancer. Oxytocin is also known as a ‘feel good’ hormone because it makes you feel happy.
3. In a research conducted by Wise, he discovered orgasm increases blood flow to so many brain region. So it is okay to say orgasm resets the brain positively.
4. Orgasm helps you to bond with your partner.
5. Orgasm relieves pain, it releases a natural pain killer.
6. The more you experience orgasm, the more the pelvic floor is strengthened.
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